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William Rubink

William L. Rubink 
Research Entomologist

Africanized Honey Bee


B.S. in Soil Science, 1969, Utah State University, Logan, Utah.
M.S. in Soil Science and Biometeorology, 1974, Utah State University, Logan, Utah.
Ph.D. in Entomology, 1978, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, Colorado.


Married, 3 children, ages 11, 13, 18


Spanish (fluent)


Educational volunteer, camping, jogging, backpacking, nature study, genealogy, computers.


1987 to Present: Research Entomologist, U.S.D.A., A.R.S. Honey Bee Research, Weslaco, Texas. Ecological research on Africanized honey bees and parasitic bee mites in the USA and Mexico.

1983 to 1987: Research Entomologist, U.S.D.A., A.R.S. Screwworm Research, Tuxtla Gtz., Chiapas, Mexico and San Jose, Costa Rica. Ecological studies of native screwwom flies in Mexico and Costa Rica.

Current Research Interests:

  1. The process of Africanization at differing latitudes in the U.S. and Mexico.
  2. Varroa mite biology and ecology
  3. The swarming dynamics of subtropical and temperate feral honey bee populations before and after Africanization
  4. Morphometric and biochemical characterization of Africanized bees
  5. Alternative "soft chemical" parasitic mite control technology


Winston, M. L., Slessor, K. N., Rubink, W. L. and Villa, J. D. . Enhanced pheromone lures to attract honey bee swarms. Amer. Bee J. 133:58-60. 

Collins, A. M., Rubink, W. L., Cuadirello-Aguilar, J. L. and Hellmich, R. L. 1994. Use of insect repellents to disperse defending honey bees. Proceedings 5th Conf. Apic. Trop. Climates 17-22. 

Collins, A. M., Rubink, W. L., Cuadriello-Aguilar, J. I., and Hellmich, R. L., III. 1995. Use of insect repellents for dispersing defending honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 89(3):608-613. 

Rubink, W.L., P. Luevano-Martinez, E.A. Sugden, W.T. Wilson, and A.M. Collins. 1996. Subtropical Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera:Apidae) Swarming Dynamics and Africanization Rates in Northeastern Mexico and Southern Texas. Annnal. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 89:243-251. 


USDA ARS Kika de la Garza 
Subtropical Agricultural Research Service
Beneficial Insects Research Unit
2413 E Hwy 83
Weslaco, TX   78596   USA

E-mail address: wrubink@weslaco.ars.usda.gov
Telephone:  (956) 969-5005
Fax:     (956) 969-5033 


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Last updated July 27, 2000